54AD: The Apostle Paul visits Athens and delivers the Sermon on Aeropagus Hill.

    150AD: Herod Atticus becomes governor of Athens, constructs the theatre at the foot of the Acropolis that bears his name.

    Constantine the Great transfers the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium, which is renamed Constantinople. The Byzantine Empire is established. Before his death, Constantine the Great establishes Christianity as the official religion of the Byzantine Empire.

    529AD: Philosophical academies closed by Emperor Justinian I, temples reconsecrated as Christian churches.

    Schism between the Eastern Orthodox and (Western) Roman Catholic Churches.

    Capture of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade by the Franks and Venetians.

    1453: Sultan Mohammed II captures Constantinople. End of the Byzantine Empire.

    Capture of Athens by Omar.

    Turks occupy all of Greece after continuous warfare with the Venetians.

    Venetians lay siege to Athens under Morosini. The Acropolis, which was used as a Turkish gunpowder store, is partially destroyed.

    Lord Elgin removes Parthenon marbles to London.

    1821: The Greek Revolution against Turkish occupation begins.

    1827: The fleet of the mediating powers (France, Britain, Russia) destroys the Turkish fleet at Navarino. End of Ottoman Rule in Greece.

    1830: Greek sovereignty recognised under the London Protocol. Nauplion becomes the first capital of independent Greece.

    1831-1834: The assassination of the first governor of Greece, Ioannis Kapodistrias, leads to the establishment of monarchy by the foreign powers. Bavarian King Otto I arrives in Greece and Athens is established as the new capital.

    1838: The Royal Palace (now the House of Parliament) completed on Syntagma Square.

    King Otto grants a constitution and representative Assembly, following popular uprisings.

    1863: King Otto is dethroned and prince William of Denmark is crowned King of Greece under the name George I. He brings the Ionian islands as a coronation gift from Britain.

    1866: Cretan uprisings against the Ottomans lead to war between Greece and Turkey.

    Prime Minister Charilaos Trikoupis introduces measures that limit the power of the monarchy to interfere in democratic institutions.

    1896: The first modern Olympic Games held in Athens.

    1898: Crete is granted autonomy under Prince George of Greece.

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