Sevastopol In Your Pocket

Sevastopol In Your PocketArtBukhta in Sevastopol
The city of Russian Sailors and Russian Glory. This is how Sevastopol is widely known. All 220 years of the city’s history are filled with Navy history and it seems that everything within Sevastopol is connected to it in one way or another.

Founded in 1784 by Catherine the Great it was intended to confirm the final conquest of the Russian Empire on the Black Sea. Only 20 years after its foundation Sevastopol instead of Kherson became the main Navy Port of the Black Sea Fleet and 5 years later a military fortress.
But everything really started long long ago, in the times of Anticent Greece and her expansion in Crimea.

In 422 – 421 B.C. the city-colony Chersonesus Taurica was founded between Pescshana and Karantinna Bays on the Heraclic peninsula. It was built by Greeks on the ruins of an ancient Taurical settlement. A history of Chersonesus is usually divided into 2 periods, the Antic, and the Middle Ages. During the Antic times (5 -1 century BC) Chersonesus became a great political and cultural centre of the Northern Black Sea.
In the 5th century Chersonesus became subordinate to the Byzantine Empire and was the first city on the territory of modern Ukraine to confess Christianity.

In 988-989, Chersonesus (or Korsun as it was called in Kyivan Rus) was besieged and taken by Prince Vladimir. As a result Vladimir was baptized himself.

There were nearly three hundred years of Turkish rule from 1475 to 1774. It was a very calm period, but also the most stagnant in the history of South-Western Crimea. The Ottoman Empire extended their power over the entire coast of the Black and Azov seas. The area was safe from piracy, war, and civil strife. It was only occasionally disturbed by Cossacks.

As a result of the Crimean War between Russia and Turkey in 1768-1774 the Crimea came into possession of Russia. On February 10, 1783 Empress Catherine II issued a decree "To Found the Fortress of Sevastopol."

In the middle of 19th century British, French and Turkish fleets invaded North of Sevastopol. The 349 days of heroic siege went down in history as the First Siege of Sevastopol. The Second Siege lasted 250 days during the WW II.

Almost until the end of the 20th century, Sevastopol remained a closed city. To visit it one had to have an invitation from someone living there. Nowadays Sevastopol is the base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet and Ukrainian Navy Forces as well as one of the most interesting tourist destinations in Ukraine.

To make it easier for you to navigate in Sevastopol, in this guide, (and with some help from the residents of Sevastopol themselves) we have linked every venue and sight to the bays of the city. Sometimes there are local names, which we also use in our guide. So the very centre of the city is Artbukhta (Artileriyskaya Bay) and the Severnaya side is an area across the main Sevastopolskaya bay. There are regular ferries that connect both sides.

With this guide we also cover Balaklava, which is one of the most marvellous places in all Crimea.

We really hope that you’ll enjoy Sevastopol as we do!

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