Kaunas

Basics

Basics

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Alcohol

Almost without exception Lithuanian beer (alus) is light, crisp, cold, cheap and delicious. Many varieties exist and you're recommended to test a few before settling on a regular brand. Among the more common breweries are the popular Švyturys from Klaipėda, Utenos from Utena and Kalnapilis from Panevėžys. Perhaps surprisingly, Vilnius can’t claim its own brewery. If you want to drink beer made in the capital you’ll have to visit a microbrewery (see Nightlife). Be warned, Lithuanian beers tend to be stronger than their Western counterparts, making the forming of the simplest words (such as alus) a challenge after just a couple of the most lethal. In the Old Town expect to pay €2 to €3 for half a litre. Lithuanian vodka (degtinė) is cheap, generally of good quality and drunk with gusto at the mere rumour of the dropping of a hat. Among the more interesting spirits are starka, a 15th-century concoction of dark, syrupy rye vodka fortified with apple leaves and lime blossom, and the local illicit firewater samagonas, available through the right connections. Take note that imported alcohol isn't cheap, so don't go falling into the trap of thinking that because the local stuff is giveaway everything else is too. Check prices before a session, to avoid an embarrassingly large bill at the end of the evening. At the time of writing it was illegal to buy booze in shops between 22:00 and 08:00 anywhere in Lithuania.

Basic data

Population
Lithuania 2,875,410 Kaunas 297,669
Ethnic composition (Lithuania)
Lithuanians 83.7% Poles 6.6% Russians 5.3% Belarusians 1.3% Ukrainians 0.6% Others 3.3%
Territory
65,303 square kilometres Roughly twice the size of Belgium, and the largest of the three Baltic nations. Fertile lowland, peppered with many lakes. North to south, the greatest distance is 276km, east to west is 373km
Borders
Baltic Sea 99km Belarus 502km Latvia 453km Poland 91km Russia (Kaliningrad) 227km
Longest river
Nemunas 937km (475km in Lithuania)
Largest lake
Drūkščiai 4,479ha
Highest point
Aukštasis 293.8m

Borders

Lithuania is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Belarus, Latvia, Poland and the peculiar Russian exclave born out of the ashes of WWII and the disintegration of the Soviet Union that is Kaliningrad. EU membership and Schengen agreements have as good as removed all border formalities with Latvia and Poland, although getting in and out of Belarus and Kaliningrad remains a process wrapped up in red tape for holders of most passports. Visas for both can be obtained from the Belarusian and Russian embassies in Vilnius, as well as from a few travel agencies. Note, however, that short-term visas for Kaliningrad are now available if you arrive in the exclave by air. For more information about getting in and out of Lithuania, see the website at www.pasienis.lt.

Crime & Safety

It is not an exaggeration to say that Lithuania is one of the safest countries to visit in Europe. While petty crime - mainly in the form of pickpocketing - is as big a problem in this country as anywhere else in the world, violent crime is almost unheard of. Even late at night you will not usually be presented with any potential threats whilst walking around city centres, and this goes for single women as much as for large groups of lads. That said, you do need to keep your wits about you, and be sure that if you go looking for trouble you might well find it. Keep your valuables close to hand, particularly on busy buses and trolleybuses, and do not leave coats and handbags unattended in bars, pubs and clubs.

Customs

Those arriving from other EU countries have no import restrictions placed upon them, although they will need to make it known if they’re arriving with more than €10,000 worth of cash. When arriving from non-EU countries you’re entitled to bring in one litre of spirits or four litres of wine or 16 litres of beer. If arriving by air you can bring 200 cigarettes, 100 cigarillos, 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco, a figure that’s drastically reduced to 40 cigarettes, 20 cigarillos, 10 cigars or 50g of tobacco if arriving by any other means. You can’t bring meat, milk or dairy products from outside the EU except under certain circumstances. You can’t arrive with live birds other than pets for non-commercial purposes. Dogs require vaccinations and passports (or other proof of vaccination). You can take home as much art as you wish tax free unless it’s over 50 years old, in which case expect to pay 10-20 per cent duty. Take two photographs of the art piece and your passport to the Committee of Cultural Heritage, Šnipiškių 3, tel. (+370) 52 73 42 56. Many of the better antique shops in Vilnius can take care of all the paperwork for you. For more detailed information check www.cust.lt, and for information on animal related arrivals, check www.vet.lt.

Disabled travellers

While things have greatly improved for the disabled over the past few years, Lithuania is still a tough place to get around on anything other than two well functioning legs. Even places that claim to be wheelchair friendly can often be flanked by deep kerbs or stairs, or are located on cobbled streets. Outside the capital, you’ll be lucky to find any thought given to wheelchair accessibility at all. On the positive side, however, it is worth noting that newer trolleybuses in Vilnius have low entry platforms, spaces for wheelchairs and hearing loops.

Driving

The basic rules of the Lithuanian roads are as follows: seatbelts are compulsory for all (driver and passengers) and headlights must be used at all times of day or night, summer or winter. All vehicles must be fitted with a small fire-extinguisher and first aid kit and you will need to have your driving licence and vehicle registration papers with you at all times.
From October to April, all cars must also be equipped with winter tyres (an ice scraper and a brush should also be part of your winter kit). If hiring a car, all of these things will be provided by the rental company.
The speed limit around town is 50km/h unless otherwise indicated. Elsewhere you can drive at 90km/h on main roads, 70km/h on unpaved roads. Note that on the country’s highways the usual speed limit of 130km/h is reduced to 100km/h during the winter.

Electricity

Lovely Lithuanian domestic electricity flows out the walls at 220V, AC 50Hz, and nearly all sockets are of the round two-pin European variety. Some thinner Russian sockets still exist, although if you push hard enough you should get the plug in. Travellers from non-socket-friendly societies should bring an appropriate adaptor, as they're almost impossible to find in Lithuania.

Floors

The Lithuanians use the same system as the Americans, considering the floor at street level to be the first floor and so on.

Language

Lithuanian is a very odd language indeed. One of the oldest still spoken today, the tongue that time forgot is supposedly similar in grammatical form as well as sharing many of the same words with, of all things, Sanskrit. With seven noun cases, four declension patterns, absolutely no similarity to anything you’ve ever heard before and an obligation to pronounce the stress on every word in the right place to stand any chance whatsoever of being understood, getting to grips with the local lingo is at best tough although there is the advantage when learning it that it’s bound by rules that simply need to be learnt by rote. Thankfully, most places where tourists congregate in the country are now fairly English-friendly, plus Lithuania’s rich cultural past has left an accumulation of polyglots nationwide, with Russian spoken almost everywhere, Polish in and around the capital and German the closer you get to the coast.

Local time

Lithuania is in the Eastern European Time (EET) zone at GMT+2hrs. When it’s 12:00 in Kaunas it’s 05:00 in New York, 10:00 in London, 11:00 in Warsaw, 13:00 in Moscow and 19:00 in Tokyo. Eastern European Summer Time (EEST, GMT+3hrs) falls between the last Sundays of March and October respectively.

Money & Costs

Most places of any note in Kaunas happily accept major credit cards, and ATMs are ubiquitous in urban areas, although if you're planning a trip to the countryside make sure you take plenty of cash along. Lithuania is no longer the cheap country for foreigners it used to be, although it still offers great value to most visitors from western Europe and North America.

National holidays

January 1 New Year’s Day & National Flag Day
February 16 Independence Day
March 11 Restoration of Independence Day
April 16 (2017) Easter Sunday (Catholic)
April 17 (2017) Easter Monday (Catholic)
May 1 A day off for the workers!
May 7 (2017) Mother's Day
June 4 (2017) Father's Day
June 24 Joninės (Midsummer)
July 6 Crowning of King Mindaugas
August 15 Žolinė (Assumption)
November 1 All Saints’ Day
December 25, 26 Christmas (Catholic)

Plastic & glass

Lithuania imposes a super-efficient eco-system for your empty plastic and glass bottles and beer cans. Most supermarkets have a supirkimas – a couple of machines where you can load each one at a time and hear them being scruched into nothing. Make sure they're completely empty. At the end, press the screen and it'll print a ticket. Take it to the counter inside the supermarket and they'll give you some cash. Simple!

Religion

Contemporary Lithuania is a predominantly Catholic country with almost 80 per cent of the population pledging allegiance to the Pope. Pagan Lithuanians avoided Christianity until relatively late in European history, finally converting for political reasons in 1387 in the eastern half of the country and in 1413 in the west. The country’s pagan heritage can still be seen in many aspects of life including the days of the week (literally First Day, Second Day etc.), the continued naming of its female population after flowers and plants and the countless festivals throughout the year that remain very much as they were before the coming of Christianity. The area that makes up contemporary Lithuania has historically been the proud home of countless religions over the centuries, among them Russian Orthodox, Protestantism, Islam and of course Judaism, of which the former makes up the second largest population at just under five per cent. It’s considered polite for men to remove their hats and women to cover their shoulders when visiting a Catholic church.

Service

There are exceptions - and we take pride in exposing such places in our listings - but as a general rule private-sector service in Lithuania (particularly Vilnius) has improved beyond description during the 20-odd years we have been publishing Kaunas In Your Pocket. When we began, part of our raison d'etre was to highlight those few places which offered decent service; now our role is the exact opposite. If you need to deal with public servants (and usually the average visitor does not) you might well still come across the odd surly survivor of a bygone age, but even here the trend is towards a new era of service with efficiency, if not always a smile.

Smoking

Lithuanians by and large like a cigarette (and compared to countries like the UK cigarettes are cheap) but that has not stopped the country adopting some tough anti-smoking legislation. Smoking is banned in almost all indoor spaces, including cafes, bars, pubs and clubs, except in carefully separated smoking rooms: look for the smoking symbol in our listings. Smoking is also now banned in some curiously specific outdoor spaces in Kaunas: by the Vytautas the Great Military Museum and in the Historical Presidential Palace gardens, next to Laisvės Avenue 87 and 87A, 85A and 87B, by Kęstučio 74A, as well as at bus stops. Smoking here could smack you with a fine of between €5.80 and €14.48.

Sports

Just as neighbouring Latvia is crazy about ice hockey, Lithuanians go nuts over basketball. It's often even referred to as Lithuania's second religion. Whenever there's an important game on, the nation shuts down to huddle round the nearest TV screen. To watch players in action or just practicing, visit Žalgirio Arena.

Street smarts

Below is a list of Lithuanian street and place names. We shorten some of these as is standard practice using just the main name. For example, Laisvės alėja is simply referred to as Laisvės.

Aikštė Square
Alėja Alley
Gatvė Street
Kelias Road, way
Plentas Highway
Prospektas Avenue
Tiltas Bridge

Toilets

Just utter the two magic words kur tualetas? (where's the toilet?) and away you go. Bars and hotels happily let you use their facilities, although some have started to enforce a small charge for non-patrons. With the exception of a few non-tourist bars, all toilets are clean and are stocked with plenty of paper and soap. A ghastly relic from days gone by that refuses to go away even in many of the swankiest establishments is the provision of a filthy bucket, kept next to the toilet, and used for the collection of spent paper.

Visas

Lithuania is a member of both the European Union and the Schengen border-free travel area. Visitors from the EU may stay in Lithuania for as long as they like, while visitors from 30 or so other countries (including Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea and the United States) don’t require a visa to stay for up to 90 days within a six month period. A visa issued by or for any Schengen country is valid in Lithuania. For more information, including the full-list of visa-free countries, take a look at www.urm.lt.

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