The detachment of Cossacks led by Andrei Dubensky founded it in 1628 as a military stockaded town. Originally the settlement was named “Krasniy Yar”, which means “beautiful shore”. Krasnoyarsk received city status in 1690, when Siberia was finally added to the Russia Empire.
In the 18thcentury Krasnoyarsk changed from military stockaded town to an average Siberian city. The turning point for the city’s history was the construction of the great Siberian Railway in 1895. This railway connected Krasnoyarsk with the central part of Russia. After that, there were the constructions of railway terminal and the famous bridge over the Yenisei River. Thus, Krasnoyarsk became the major transport hub of Siberia.
In 1934 Krasnoyarsk became the administrative center of the Krai and along with that came the rapid development of industry. At the beginning of 1941 there were 38,824 people working in various enterprises in the city. The industrial power of Krasnoyarsk increased during World War II and it became the major industrial center of East Siberia, overtaking Irkutsk.
Today, with more than 1 million residing here, Krasnoyarsk is not only the capital of Russia’s second largest region, but it is also an orderly and affluent city that reflects the blueish-grey of the Yenisei River that runs through it. After Novosibirsk and Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk is the most prominent scientific and educational center of Siberia with more than 30 higher education facilities, many of which are branches of the Russian Academy of Science – no wonder that these games are taking place here! It is also a very important industrial city, especially when it comes to aluminum production.
Apart from fantastic educational institutions, Krasnoyarsk is also home to some outstanding museums (Vasily Surikov Museum, Krasnoyarsk Regional Museum and the Culture and History Center), a lively restaurant scene and a number of exquisite timber mansions that will take you back in time to the olden days. Nature lovers will rejoice knowing that within the city limits is the Stolby Nature Reserve, which covers 470km² in area and is famous for its many extraordinarily-shaped volcanic rock formations up to 100m high. The region itself has plenty of other natural attractions so if being one with nature is your thing, plan a bit of extra time for your visit.
Sports, culture and nature are the perfect trifecta you’re looking for in your holiday!
Getting into Krasnoyarsk from St. Petersburg is easy thanks to direct daily flights. If you’ve got a bit more time on your hands and are looking for the adventure of a life time, make your way to Moscow and from there hop on the world famous Trans-Siberian Railway. Krasnoyarsk is the 9th stop on the way and it takes about 2.5 days to get there – but do take your time and hop off the train to discover some other beautiful Russian cities that you’ll be passing through en route.
Buses operate between the airport and the city center and the journey takes approximately 1 hour to the train station or 1.5 hours to the intercity bus station. Alternatively, taxis should cost about 800Rbl if negotiated in advance and the journey to the city center by taxi takes approximately 40 minutes. If you get in by train, there are plenty of buses making the 10-minute ride between the train station and the city center. You can take a taxi, but make sure not to pay more than 150-200Rbl for the ride.
For more information: www.krsk2019.ru.