Varna as it stands now was built on a Thracian settlement stemming from the 5th Millennium BC. Testimony of previous Chalcolithic civilisations is found in the wonderful gold treasures of Varna Necropolis - the oldest processed gold in the world - on exhibit in the Varna Archeological Museum and at the National Historical Museum in the capital Sofia.
In 570 BC, it was settled by Greek seafaring colonisers, who gave it the name Odessos (“Town on the Water”.) The Romans annexed the town in the 1st Century BC, fortified the city and established an infrastructure of water supply systems, temples and thermal baths, fed by the natural hot-water springs. We can still visit the traces of the city’s glorious time under Roman rule today. The town was renamed by the Slavs and is today the maritime capital of Bulgaria, one of the largest ports on the Black Sea and a popular seaside resort for locals and foreigners alike.