An authentic breath of Medieval Hungarian air, and the gem in the crown of the panoramic Castle District, the Matthias Church was renamed for the king who actually rebuilt it in 1470. It has witnessed many significant events, including the marriage of King Matthias and the coronations of Franz Josef I and Charles IV. King Béla III and his wife are buried in the Holy Trinity Chapel here. During the Turkish occupation, the Christian frescoes on the church's walls were whitewashed and the building turned into a mosque. The church was severely damaged when the Turks were driven out in 1686, ravaged in WWII and not fully restored until 1968. The church's distinctive Gothic tower soars 80m high. Between the church and Fishermen's Bastion stands a statue of St. Stephen, founder of the Hungarian state.