Český Krumlov

State Castle & Chateau of Český Krumlov

more than a year ago

or Státní hrad a zámek Český Krumlov...

The tall, easily defended rock cliffs jutting over the Vltava was populated long before the oldest parts of today's castle and church were founded. The first settlement of the castle promontory dates back to the Bronze Age but the Gothic origins of the castle date to 1250 and the first Lords of Krumlov, the Witigonens or Víteks, who settled the lower, tower side. In 1302, the Rosenbergs inherited the castle and kept it as their seat. Their three centuries of rule were golden times for the town and the castle was slowly converted into a superb Renaissance residence with the newer upper castle built along with the connecting bridge - aristocrats it seems do not like to be at the whim of the weather. The Eggenberg family was then given the castle by Ferdinand II who had bought the dominion in 1602 but the subsequent tribulations of the Thirty Year War regressed the area culturally and economically although the castle was converted again, this time into a Baroque seat. In 1719 the castle was inherited by the Schwarzenbergs who initially kept the social and artistic elements of Viennese life in the castle, but the 19th and 20th centuries saw the castle stagnate as it was no longer inhabited. The interior is amazingly intact and can be viewed on a guided tour in a variety of languages. The history of bear-keeping at Český Krumlov Castle goes back to the 16th century, the era of the last Rosenbergs and bears have been kept in the moat since 1707. The castle area, one of the largest in Europe, comprises forty buildings and palaces situated around five courtyards and a park spanning eleven hectares. The whole complex was recorded in the UNESCO List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage in 1992.


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