Stefan Żeromski - The Conscience of Polish Literature

more than a year ago
With a small square and a house named after him, Stefan Żeromski
                     1909 pastel portrait of Stefan Żeromski
                               by Kazimierz Mordasewicz
(1864-1925) is one of the more prominent names you’ll see while exploring Gdynia. The fact that Zeromski was born in Strawczyn (near Kielce) and spent the majority of his life not based in Gdynia at all should tell you as much about the new Polish city's need to create local heroes in the early years of its existence as it does about Żeromski's importance to Polish culture. Born during the time of the Partitions, Żeromski spent most of his life either around Warsaw, in the south of the country, or abroad including Switzerland where he worked as a librarian in the Polish Museum in Rapperswil.

Throughout his life, Żeromski was dedicated to the restoration of the Polish state. Although it wasn’t until he was in his late thirties that he could begin to live from his writings he made a lasting impression and became regarded as the ‘conscience of Polish literature’. He is fondly remembered in the Tri-city thanks to the fact that after Poland regained its freedom in 1918, Żeromski came and lived in Gdynia Orłowo for a while in the 1920s. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1924 and awarded an apartment in the Royal Castle in Warsaw in 1925. You’ll find a selection of works on display in the small museum and cafe of his name close to the pier in Orłowo and the district is worth a visit to see a peaceful and classic part of the Baltic coast.


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