The Kashubians

27 Jun 2017

The Kashubians are a true ethnic minority, distinct from the Poles in both language and culture. Originally western Slavs with ethnic links to the Poles, the Kashubians are believed to have settled in the area around 1,500 years ago, although the first records date from the 13th century when the Pomeranian Dukes included ‘Duke of Kashubia’ among their illustrious titles. Estimates as to just how many Kashubians and people of Kashubian descent live in Poland today vary wildly. In Poland’s 2011 census 232,547 people declared themselves to be Kashubian but just 16,377 declared Kashubian to be their sole nationality. Similarly while 108,100 people said they spoke Kashubian at home, only 13,800 declared Kashubian to be their native tongue. In both cases of language and nationality, Kashubians would also consider themselves Polish and speak Polish.

Kashubian is a West Slavic language belonging to the Lechitic group of languages of northern Poland, and is thought to be a variation of the original Pomeranian language. Kashubian enjoys legal protection in Poland as a minority language, is taught in Polish schools, and can be found on many street signs in the region. The first notable Kashubian activist was Florian Ceynowa (1817-1881), who devised the Kashubian alphabet, formalised Kashubian grammar and published a collection of historical stories of life among the Kashubians. Other Kashubian activists include the author Hieronim Derdowski (1852-1902) and the physician and the writer Aleksander Majkowski (1876-1938), the leader of the Young Kashubian movement.


Connect via social media
Leave a comment using your email This e-mail address is not valid
Please enter your name*

Please share your location

Enter your message*
Marko Vuchichevic

Hey guys, I'm Marko from Serbia, and I can tell you I understood the description of the children's book. It's an ideal help book for children to learn Kashubian language, with illustrations... Long lost brothers :)

Dear Dzu Gi, not knowing the Serbian language ourselves it is a difficult question to answer. Take a look at this link though and you'll see an example of a recently published book for Polish children showing some Kashubian words. We'd be interested to know if there are any similarities. http://kaszubskaksiazka.pl/478-wanoga-z-dechama.html
Dzu Gi

Is it true that the language that is used by Kashubians is very similar to Serbian language?
Peter & Beverly Glofcheskie
We are from the Barry's Bay/Wilno area in Canada, the center of the first Polish and Kashub settlement in our country. Immigrants first arrived in 1858 and settlement and clearing of the land began in 1859.We are very proud of our history, and the promotion and preservation of Canada's Polish Kashub Cultural Heritage.The Wilno Heritage Society www.wilno.org explains more.
Pawel Trawicki
How about Polshubian, I am of Kashubian ancestry. However I never forget that I am first Polish with Kashubian thrown in to add a little "spice"
miriam leipold
I became interested in Kashubians after reading books by Gunter Grass. His mother and grandmother were of this group. iI find European history very interesting as it was not taught in our American schools. A DNA test showed my ancestors were from central and eastern Europe on my father's side. His grandparents immigrated to America in the late 170o's as Germans. But I know nothing else. Thanks for the good article.
City Essentials

Download our new City Essentials app

download 4.5