Right on Red Square, this museum consists of two floors offering an extensive foray into Russian history from the ice ages of the mammoths right up to the 19th century. The State Historical Museum is surely one of Russia’s finest treasures, with more than 4.5mln items and about 14mln sheets of documents. The Museum’s collection is second to none in the country and offers an assortment of paleontology, science, technology, archeology and history monuments; masterpieces of painting, drawing, sculpture, works of decorative, religion, literature, music, theater arts, and architecture. The art design of the museum building was created by architect Vladimir Sherwood and engineer Anatoly Semyonov, and the design of Museum’s unique halls – by the most famous architects and artists (think Bondarenko, Popov, Aivazovsky, Vasnetsov, Serov, Karolin and Repin). It is one of the most fascinating and informative journeys through Russia's long and turbulent history.