In the shaky days of 1918, neither peace in Europe nor Lithuanian independence looked certain. But on February 16 of that year, a group of politicians and cultural figures met in this house to sign the Act of Independence. The building itself, located in the middle of the tourist action on Pilies, dates from the 16th century. One of the signatories, linguist and activist Jonas Basanavičius, once rented rooms here and short displays detail his life and the circumstances of the act's signing. See also our feature on the chaotic years leading up to Lithuanian independence here.