This World War II memorial complex, which opened in 1981, includes a museum with 18 different galleries, an eternal flame, plaques honouring particularly heroic Soviet cities and an outdoor display containing military planes and other equipment from various wars. The centrepiece of it all is of course the massive titanium statue of a woman, 62m tall to be exact, grasping a 12-ton sword and a shield. Honouring Soviet defenders during World War II, its Socialist Realism style is an interesting contrast to the nearby ancient golden domes of Pechers’ka Lavra. If you’re just slightly worried about the ‘Mother of the Motherland’ being a tad too top-heavy, you’re not the only one. There have been scattered reports that the whole structure was not build very soundly and is danger of falling over, but so far so good.