Construction on a citadel and Fort Amsterdam, later known as New (Nieuw) Amsterdam, began in 1625 and formed the basis of the Manhattan Island known and loved today. It wasn’t until 1664 that New Amsterdam became New York and, following Dutch and English rule, the city became the United States’ first capital after the Revolutionary War.
With such a long and interesting history, you can trust there are many historical sites and buildings to visit during a trip. Here are three NYC attractions history fans will love.
1. Statue of LibertyThe Statue of Liberty is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world. The copper structure was presented to America as a gift from the French people in 1886 and depicts Libertas, a Liberty goddess.
The famous landmark provides an insight into New York City’s history and values, as she holds a torch in her right hand above her head to symbolize enlightenment. Also, her left-hand features the date of the U.S. Declaration of Independence in Roman numerals. Also, the broken chain and shackle at her feet were added to commemorate the United States' recent national abolition of slavery.
For the above reasons, the Statue of Liberty became a symbol of freedom for Americans and immigrants who arrived by sea. Nowadays, locals and tourists can enjoy a tour of the Statue of Liberty to learn more about its construction and history.
2. Federal Hall National MemorialConstructed in 1700, Federal Hall served as the center of the United States after the Revolutionary War. Also, it is where George Washington, the first President of the United States, was inaugurated. Unfortunately, Federal Hall was demolished in 1812 and rebuilt, and the original railing and balcony floor is now on display in the building now known as Federal Hall National Memorial.
The grand building exudes power and strength and features a statue of George Washington guarding its exterior. Architectural and history fans will appreciate the Doric columns that represent Greek democracy, and the dome represents the Roman Pantheon and its republic.
3. New York City HallNew York City Hall is the oldest city hall in the United States that has retained its government functions. Built-in 1700, and rebuilt by 1812, it continues to serve as the seat of the city’s government and features the office of the Mayor of New York City and New York City Council chambers.
Based in Lower Manhattan’s Civic Center district, the National Historic Landmark is a must-visit for history buffs and vacationers alike. After all, it has served as the backdrop for many historical moments and movements, such as the abolition of slavery celebrations, the Stamp Act Protests, and a reading of the Declaration of Independence by George Washington.