The Basics



Population: 51,857 (as of 01.01.2023)
Density: 1,216.10 inhabitants/km2
Ethnic composition: Estonians 81.9%, Russians 13.4%, Ukrainians 1.9%, Finns 0.9%, Others 2%


Population: 1,357,739 (as of 01.01.2023)
Territory: 45,339km2
Density: 30 inhabitants/km2
Ethnic composition: Estonians 68.7%, Russians 24.8%, Ukrainians 1.7%, Others 4.8%
Elevation: The highest point in Estonia (and the Baltics) is Suur Munamägi (318m) in Võru County
Islands: 2,355. The three largest are Saaremaa 2,673km2, Hiiumaa 1,023km2, and Muhu 206km2
Lakes: Lake Peipsi, on the Russian border, covers an area of 3,555km2, of which 1,529km2 is in Estonia. It also holds the title as the 4th largest lake in Europe.
Rivers: Estonia’s longest rivers are the Võhandu 162km, Pärnu 144km and Põltsamaa 135km.
Populations of other cities: Tallinn 460,642, Tartu 97,435, Narva 53,626, Pärnu 51,857.
Local time: Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone (GMT+2hrs). Summer time (GMT+3hrs) is in effect from the last Sunday of March until the last Sunday of October.

Pärnu is 128km from Tallinn and 174km from Tartu by road. As the crow flies, it’s 100km from Riga, 232km from St. Petersburg, 239km from Stockholm and 954km from Berlin.

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