That was for how long the Berlin Wall stood. For 28 years, a concrete barrier ran through the heart of the city, the most tangible example of a Cold War that pitted ideology against ideology and split Europe in two. What went up in relative secrecy on August 13, 1961, came down in emotional scenes on November 9, 1989. The Berlin Wall split families, friends, neighbours and colleagues. 45,000 concrete blocks stood between East and West by the time it came down, along with 259 dog runs and more than 300 watchtowers. What started as a hurried attempt to plug the East German brain drain eventually became one of the great tumours on the planet, an intricately designed piece of architectural horror that existed to make people’s lives worse.
It couldn’t last forever, although the people of Berlin could be forgiven for feeling like it would. Escape attempts were frequent, with more than 5,000 known cases of people trying to flee, largely from East to West. The total number that died trying to cross the wall isn’t known, with estimates ranging from 80 to 240. The first death came just nine days after the wall went up, while the last happened just a few months before it came down. The Wall changed everything for everyone. The 30 year anniversary of its removal is an anniversary well worth celebrating.
And boy is the city going to celebrate! Over seven days at the beginning of November (November 4 — 10, to be exact), more than 100 events will take place at the seven key locations of the Peaceful Revolution. The formation of the first East German opposition will be told at Gethsemane Church, while Alexanderplatz and Brandenburg Gate will reprise their statuses as hosts of the largest protest demonstrations and the wild celebrations of the opening of the wall respectively. The party then moves on to Kurfürstendamm (where the first reunions took place), the Stasi HQ in Lichtenberg (the end of the GDR in all but name) and Schlossplatz (to celebrate the first freely elected parliament in GDR history). The party will come to an end at that most fitting of locations, the East Side Gallery.
The entire city will go Wall anniversary crazy, with plenty of events taking place outside of the official celebrations. The Stasi Museum will host a very special exhibition looking at those individuals who bravely changed the face of history, while the Deutsches Historisches Museum tackles German history — that most daunting of subjects — in typically stylish and sensitive fashion. There are plenty of things going on, but these two demand special attention.
Many hoped and believed that the tearing down of the Berlin Wall was the first step towards a new Europe, one that embraced its different cultures and would come closer together. The populism and nationalism of recent times jeopardise this once more, so this anniversary could not be more pertinent. 30,000 messages of love, peace, acceptance and harmony will float into the air above Brandenburg Gate at the end of the celebrations, as Berlin and Europe look to what could be a beautiful future. 30 years already? Wow, how time flies…