Dublin - A Short History

more than a year ago

The name Dublin comes from the Gaelic dubh linn or “black pool” - where the Poddle stream met the River Liffey to form a deep pool at Dublin Castle. The city's modern name - Baile Áth Cliath – means the “town of the ford of the hurdles”. Ireland's four principal routeways converged at a crossing place made of hurdles of interwoven saplings straddling the low-tide Liffey.

837 AD – 917 AD:  In 837, sixty Viking longships attacked churches round the Poddle and Liffey estuary, and the invaders made a permanent settlement in 841.

917 – 1014: Dublin was the Viking world’s largest city and traded from Iceland to Constantinople. The first genuine ruler of all Ireland - High King, Brian Boru - was rebelled against by Dublin Vikings and the Leinster Irish.  With the aid of Vikings, Brian crushed his foes, then was himself slain, in an epic battle atClontarf in 1014.

1014 – 1170:  The Vikings adopted Christianity and founded Christ Church Cathedral.  In 1169, the deposed Irish King MacMurrough sought help from south-west Wales Normans who, under their leader Richard FitzGilbert de Clare (Strongbow), seized Dublin.

1171 – 1399:  In 1171 Henry II landed with a great army, and made Dublin the capital of the Normans' Irish territory and the heart of the Norman and English colony. Christ Church was rebuilt in the Gothic style and work began on St Patrick’s Cathedral. In 1317 Scottish KingRobert the Bruce and brother Edward failed to take the city, but much destruction ensued.  In1348 the city was gripped by the Black Death.

1399 – 1603: English royal control of Ireland shrank during the 14th and 15th Centuries to coastal towns and an area round Dublin known as the Pale. From 1485-1603 the city played a crucial role when Tudor monarchs undertook a reconquest. In 1603 The Earl of Tyrone submitted and, for the first time, the Crown won control of the entire island.


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Meteghan, Nova Scotia
I am from Nova Scotia, Canada, and my mother''s side is McClelland, originally our ancestors were lords or Edinburgh Seat and our ancestor James McClelland emigrated to Canada in the 1600s after marrying a Jane Glassey in Dublin rather than succeeding his father''s position, as he was disowned for that union. He was sent by his father on a business trip to Dublin, which I now think may have had to do with the cattle business being big I Dublin at the time. DOes anyone know about a Glassey family (most likely RICH living in Dublin at the time? I''m told the name comes from Glasgow, Scotland. I wonder if their branch of the Glassey clan had a reason to emigrate to Dublin for economic reason and maintain links to the powerful McClellands? If so, why would the senior McClelland be so angry about his son deciding to get married? He was the oldest son, so perhaps his timing was off and dear old Dad simply wanted him to delay marriage or hook up with a woman in a union arranged to further increase the family wealth?
Over a year ago
Kurt Biewald
thank you i was interested in my Irish roots from the TV show I saw on St. Patty day. This was exactly the sort of thing I was looking for. Some information but not too much.
Over a year ago
It said that this was a short history but it isnt it is realy long.Do you think you could make it shorter or dont say that it is short
Over a year ago
Joel Mahuika
New Zealand,
A very informative website on Ireland. I used this site to assist me with Irish history which I'm studying at university. I also have Irish ancestors who come from Roscommon and their my mum's maiden name is Ormsby(Viking Irish). But they were protestant aristocrats who emigrated around the world & ended up in NZ to produce me.
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