In what is now the Czech Republic, Wenceslas is credited with bringing Christianity to his people. Born around 907, he was educated by his Christian grandmother Ludmilla who feared the influence of his pagan mother. Ludmilla became regent of the kingdom after his father’s death when Wenceslas was 13. Not surprisingly, his mother Drahomira wasn’t thrilled with Ludmilla’s influence and her ‘strange’ beliefs. Conveniently, Ludmilla was found strangled which left Drahomira free to rule.
In 935, the cunning sibling invited Wenceslas to a feast where he was murdered on the steps of a church on his way to mass. Legend has it that the broken body of the king did not bleed and that miracles began to occur at his tomb. While he was only a duke during his lifetime, he was posthumously given the title of king by Holy Roman Emperor Otto I. He is now the patron saint of the Czech Republic and is commemorated each year on September 28, a public holiday in the country. To see him today take a look at the chap mounted on a horse at the top of, you guessed it, Wenceslas Square.