The Basics



Population: 95,405 (as of 01.02.2020)
Density: 2,500 inhabitants/km2
Ethnic composition: Estonians 78%, Russians 12%, Ukrainians 4%, Finns 1%, Others 5%


Population: 1,357,739 (as of 01.01.2023)
Territory: 45,339km2
Density: 30 inhabitants/km2
Ethnic composition: Estonians 68.7%, Russians 24.8%, Ukrainians 1.7%, Others 4.8%
Elevation: The highest point in Estonia (and the Baltics) is Suur Munamägi (318m) in Võru County
Islands: 1,521. The three largest are Saaremaa 2,673km2, Hiiumaa 1,023km2, and Muhu 206km2
Lakes: Lake Peipsi, on the Russian border, covers an area of 3,555km2, of which 1,529km2 is in Estonia. It also holds the title as the 4th largest lake in Europe.
Rivers: Estonia’s longest rivers are the Võhandu 162km, Pärnu 144km and Põltsamaa 135km.
Populations of other cities: Tallinn 460,642, Narva 53,626, Pärnu 51,857
Local time: Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone (GMT+2hrs). Summer time (GMT+3hrs) is in effect from the last Sunday of March until the last Sunday of October.

Tartu is 186km from Tallinn and 174km from Pärnu by road. As the crow flies, it’s 137km from Riga, 167km from St. Petersburg, 316km from Stockholm and 658km from Berlin.

Put our app in your pocket
This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Find out more here. AGREE