Warsaw

Sightseeing

Palace of Culture & Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki)

For all the aggressive westernisation that has overcome Warsaw, the four decades of communism have yet to be completely erased from the face of Warsaw. You couldn’t miss this hulking giant of a landmark if you tried.

Originally commissioned by Stalin as a ‘gift from the Soviet people’ the 231 metre structure actually takes its inspiration from the capitalist world, namely the Empire State Building, but, believe it or not, was specifically designed to include influences from all of Poland’s architectural styles. Stalin had sent a secret delegation to New York to learn both about the building and American construction methods, though the outbreak of WWII meant that it wasn’t until 1952 that his architects were able to commence putting their knowledge into practise. Lev Rudynev, the brains behind the equally monstrous Lomonosov University in Moscow, was put in charge of the design and set about making the building into one of the most notorious examples of Socialist Realist architecture in the world. Over 5,000 workers were ferried in from the Soviet states and housed in a purpose-built village in Jelonki, west Warsaw, where they were effectively cut off from the outside world. Working around the clock, it took them just three years to complete the Palace. In all 16 died during the construction, though despite the Olympian efforts of the labourers Stalin never lived to see his pet project completed.

Built using an estimated 40 million bricks and housing 3,288 rooms the Palace’s purpose was to serve as not just party headquarters but also ‘the people's castle’, with invitations to the annual New Year’s Eve Ball issued to the best workers in socialist Poland. Regardless of this the building became an object of hatred and the palace was seen as no more than a symbol of Russian hegemony. Viewed from a distance – apparently it can be spotted from 30km away – the palace appears a faceless monolith. Viewed closely several intricate details appear in focus. Under Stalin’s orders architects travelled around Poland’s key cultural sights, from Wawel to Zamość, observing Polish architectural traditions, hence the numerous crenellations, courtyards and motifs.

Once inside the ground floor becomes a maze of halls and corridors, with chambers named after Eastern icons – Yuri Gagarin, Marie Skłodowska-Curie (a famous communist sympathiser), etc. Brass chandeliers hang over clacking parquet flooring, secret lifts lie hidden around and allegorical socialist reliefs take inspiration from ancient mythology – it’s easy to imagine Bond snooping around planting listening devices.

The building boasts over 3,300 rooms most of which are conference facilities or offices. Besides the theatres, bars and museums (Museum of Technology) on the ground level, visitors looking to further explore the building can take a tour of some of the conference and commercial spaces, but are best directed to the viewing terrace on the 30th floor (with a newly opened cafe no less). To get there you’ll need to buy a ticket, after which you'll be shepherded into an old-style lift complete with a lovely lift attendant who has probably been doing the job since the building opened.

The Palace recently introduced a new virtual reality mobile and stationary App (in English and Polish) which shows you Warsaw throughout the centuries from the point of view of the Palace of Culture. This is a fascinating technological tourist treat and a once in a lifetime chance to stare into the past while standing in the present and looking out over the future.

Map

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Open

Open 10:00 - 20:00, Fri, Sat 10:00 - 24:00. Last entrance 30 minutes before closing.

Price/Additional Info

Admission for the viewing level is 20/15zł. Group ticket for more than 10 people 15zł per person. You can purchase tickets online.

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24.07.2016
Anna

Who is the idiot hypocrite that wrote this description? There is a lot of similar buildings in US which you are so proud of but just before this one was build in different political situation you have nothing constructive to say. It's just shows the author has 0 knowledge of the architecture and his description its pure effect of Western brainwash.
08.08.2014
Cathrine
Warsaw
I am from Canada and to me sure one of the best places that I saw i Warsaw . It is very interesting , magnificent , look a lot different from everything else and grand like a lot of American buildings.
23.05.2014
Kamil
Warsaw
Thomas - Palace Sightseeing is possible go to www.creatours.pl
14.03.2014
Thomas
Warsaw
what about palca sightseeing? Have you been there?!
29.12.2012
Jerry Meents
Utah,
I have seen this pc of ugly Russian architecture.
07.04.2011
mackenzi
,
when's the best time to go?
13.11.2010
John Morgan
Poland,
When the Palace of Culture was first opened, the people of Warsaw used to say you got the best view of Warsaw from the viewing gallery - because it was the only place in Warsaw from which you couldn't see it.
01.12.2007
gulle
michagin
Awesome
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