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In the past, Kato had very few tourists as, well... there was not much to see! Those arriving found themselves here mainly on business, questioning their very existence and how on earth they ended up here. Why the existential dilemma? Let's begin with a walking tour, one which will require a bit of imagination, as we describe the changes the city has undergone in the last decade, and what the businessman of 10 years ago experienced compared to the tourist of today. We'll start in the centre, where most visitors to the city begin their 'Kato experience'.
Arriving at the Katowice train station, you walk through a modernised complex of platforms and main hall, handily incorporated into a new shopping centre. Now, shopping centres are not often something we enjoy walking through due to their predictable and repetitive nature, however, the mix of old and new architecture in this location is quite interesting so it's worth tilting your head up to take it all in. The main difference with the train station of today to that of yesteryear – it no longer smells of urine. Anyone new to the city is none the wiser as to how much of an abomination this site once was, often known as Poland's ugliest spot, let alone worst train station, it set the tone for your whole trip. Walking through often meant being accosted by beggars and drunks, food stalls being of a poor standard, and the available toilet facilities being...umm...horrific! Now you walk through the station and shops, out into a collection of streets containing spruced-up 19th century buildings which wouldn’t look out of place in Poland's top tourist destinations.
Keep looking around, with head tilted, to take in the architecture and don't take for granted that you can breathe normally after the closure of coal mines in the vicinity. Walk just around the corner and you reach the revamped market square. Though you might gaze upon it today and think there's not much here, it's still much better than what you would have experienced 10 years ago! Previously, there was a huge roundabout here, like a boil on the face of Katowice that just made the centre look bleak and unloved. Now, people walk, cycle, roller skate or skateboard through the square, sometimes weaving between trams – themselves mainly new and travelling on redirected tramlines following the modernisation. The city planners are attempting to make a city which feels more open and friendly, whereas during the days of Communism, cement was the key ingredient in building recipes with little thought given to aesthetic value. Walk through the square and check out the palm trees and deck chairs next to the water feature, right at the heart of the old roundabout - a fake river, built right above the actual river Rawa flowing beneath, following the same route. Return at night and see the whole square and fake beach setting all lit up and follow the path of the river across the tram lines to see the ‘Zachód Słońca’ (Sunset) neon light art installation.
After you've taken in the sights around the square, in the distance, you see one of these cement remnants; the huge UFO, looking grounded due to the poor aerodynamic qualities of cement, is actually the Spodek sport and concert arena. Originally looking somewhat out of place in the city centre, the modernisation of the area surrounding Spodek has surprisingly resulted in the building fitting in rather nicely. Where once stood Katowice Coal Mine (yes, a coal mine churning out crap right in the city centre), we now have the Silesian Museum, NOSPR (The Polish National Radio Orchestra) and the International Congress Centre all hugging each other in what was once yet another eyesore in the city.
Going further afield, there has been a huge park on the outskirts of Katowice since the 1950s, known as Silesia Park (Europe's largest park), and you may think it was some feeble attempt to provide locals a refuge to breathe something resembling fresh air when the rest of the surrounding area churned out toxins, and into people's lungs...well, we suppose that's partly true. Where the businessman of 10 years ago may have gone to escape from the city centre, today, the park is a pleasant addition to what Kato has to offer, with attractions including the amusement park, zoo, ethnographic park and, currently nearing the end of its renovation, the Silesian stadium - once Poland's national stadium before the new one was built in Warsaw!
Aside from the physical revamp, the gastronomical revolution and nightlife has improved Kato immensely, with various cafes, restaurants, pubs and clubs dotted around the city. No more must you settle for greasy, poor quality food, but now have a choice of great cuisine ranging from traditional Polish food with a Silesian twist to Asian, Italian or Indian food and trendy food truck favourites too.
The main focal point for nightlife is the area around ul. Mariacka, another street containing great 19th century buildings. Prior to the revamp, the street was littered with strip clubs, dubious massage parlours and prostitutes all trying desperately to make you part with your money. Fast forward to the present day and you have a decent choice of pubs on the main street and others tucked away in the courtyards.
The same businessman from 10 years ago visiting Katowice today is spoilt for choice for something to do at any time of the day. Not too long ago there wasn't much to do here in the evening unless you really liked drinking for the sake of drinking, but now, even if you choose not to go to a pub or a club, the cultural events on offer are numerous, with frequent gigs, shows and festivals taking place throughout year. Tauron New Music Festival takes place in July, OFF Festival in August and RAWA Blues Festival in September, really emphasising Kato's status as a UNESCO city of music!
The locals are gradually coming round to the idea that people now actually choose to visit their city whereas 10-15 years ago such a decision would have been met with a raised eyebrow. In the 10 years we have been publishing guides on Katowice, there's no doubt the changes have been for the better. Even as I write there are cranes and scaffolding dotted around the city and I wonder to myself, what will Katowice look like in another 10 years? Whatever may be, we'll be there to keep you up to date with the changes. Here's to Kato, and here's to Kato IYP on a happy ten-year anniversary!