Sibenik

History

History

7th century AD The area around Šibenik is settled by Croats.

9th century Croats build a fortress overlooking the sea, proof that Šibenik is becoming an important port.

1066 The town of Šibenik is mentioned in a proclamation by King Petar Krešimir, its first ever mention in official documents

12th century A thriving settlement increasingly takes shape below the fortress.

1080 The fortress town of Knin, inland from Šibenik, becomes capital of the Croatian state under King Zvonimir.

1102 Croatia’s monarch dies childless, and the crown falls to the king of Hungary. Šibenik continues to flourish in the Hungaro-Croatian state.

1116 Šibenik is all but destroyed by a Venetian siege. It is re-founded ten years later by refugees from "Biograd", also sacked by the Venetians.


1298 Pope Boniface VIII declares Šibenik a town with the right to its own bishopric.

1409-1412 A three-year Venetian siege culminates with Šibenik’s subjection to the rule of Venice.

1431 Work begins on a new cathedral, culminating in one of the greatest works of ecclesiastical architecture in the Adriatic.

1468 Ottoman Turks advance towards the Šibenik coast, remaining a constant threat for the next two centuries.

1511 An anti-aristocratic revolt led by Juraj Prokić takes over the city, only to be ruthlessly put down by the Venetians the following year.

1522 The towns of Knin and Skradin fall to the Ottoman Turks.

1571 Šibenik contributes a galley to the Venetian fleet at the Battle of Lepanto.

1615 Šibenik-born Renaissance-man Faust Vrančić publishes his book of inventions Machinae Novae.

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